Global health is the application of public health practice to health issues that transcend national boundaries. Low birth weight & high neonatal mortality are few examples of global health issues. The Millennium Development Goals were endorsed by all United Nations Member States at the 2000 Millennium Summit where health is at the core of the MDGs & Goal 4 is to reduce child mortality by two thirds with emphasis on infant deaths which contributes majority of under 5 mortality. The MDG goal for India is to reduce infant mortality rate to 35 per 1000 live births by 2015. The study explores the medical & socioeconomic causes of infant deaths assessed by Verbal Autopsy instrument in a tribal district with high IMR in India where 75% deaths occurred in Neonatal period mainly due to prematurity, Low birth weight, Asphyxia & poverty as main cause. This book is aimed at policymakers, MCH program managers, researchers and medical/public health graduates. Given the inadequate progress made so far in achieving MDG 4, an urgent change is required to meet the challenges of introducing and scaling up effective public health interventions to overcome inequity in access and health outcomes.