The modern world is under the rule of what are widely understood as globalisation processes. Globalisation concerns all areas of life (though not to the same degree) and influences the economic conditions of countries, regions, social groups and the life of every person in various ways. The progressing process of globalisation is one of the most important events in the modern world. It helps the dynamic development of new technologies, bringing changes in the economic and social sphere. These changes are underpinned by what is known as the globalisation of big virtual discoveries of the last quarter of a century. The aim of this book is to analyze the processes of globalisation with particular emphasis on political and economic matters, define the concept of globalisation and to determine a correlation between the perception of globalisation in the strictly economic and political domain. In order to achieve the goal, it is necessary to consider the process of globalization, but also to define the process itself. An indication of the areas of modern civilization in which the processes of globalisation are clearly visible and constitute an integral part of a specific area of life.