The safety of both members of the society and their property is central for harmonious coexistence; therefore this study investigated the factors influencing secondary school students to steal and their need for guidance and counseling. Theft among secondary school students is on high increase and persisting among indiscipline cases in secondary schools. The Kenya Government through the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology basing on previous researches has recommended guidance and counseling as the alternative means to punishment in dealing with students’ maladaptive behaviors and matters of indiscipline in secondary schools. The objectives of the study were: (i) Investigate the prevalence of theft cases among secondary school students. (ii) Factors influencing secondary school students to steal. (iii) The effects of students’ stealing in secondary schools. (iv) Guidance and counseling services for students who steal. Both the Transactional Analysis Theory of Eric Berne and Psychoanalysis Theory of Sigmud Frued were used to give theoretical framework of this study.