Over the last few decades, the hospital acquired infection is the main problem which spread through the hands of the health care providers and wasted the resources specially in countries having limited resources. The hand washing practices by the hospital workers remains a challenge goal for all the hospital administrators, health manager and governments of all developed as well as developing countries. The knowledge and awareness of hand hygiene has almost achieved but practicing by health care providers is still behind the target. This book, therefore provide a way to the Hospital managers, administrators, senior health professionals, in-charges of the units , researchers and governments to assess their faults and adopt strategies according to this research project in their under control. Through the methodology we adopted they can also handled infection control in their setup by defining the reasons for all the short falls.