Leadership is one of the crucial elements of school improvement. Bangladesh is one of the densely populated countries where there are more than eighteen thousands of secondary schools. As a developing country most of the schools are established by the community people. Those are mainly situated in the rural areas where there are so many issues which can not be resolved by the government education administration. Schools are expected to be run by the local administration which is basically led by the head teacher (principal). So it is very important to have a knowledgeable and skilled person to have this position. The researcher tried to find out the possibilities and problems behind the effective leadership for the schools. This research was done in both the rural and urban areas to have the clear idea about the kind of leadership the head teachers provide.