Proper health care waste management (HCWM) is a process that can help ensure proper hygiene and safety for health care workers, communities and the environment. In this regard, to assess and improve this situation, a research has been carried out in Addis Ababa city, Ethiopia. This book describes health care waste assessment and relevant literature review. The book provides an overview of hospital waste generation and options for proper treatment and disposal. It is believed that by reducing the generation of these materials at the source, or recycling the waste on or off site, will benefit health care facilities by reducing risks associated with infectious and hazardous wastes.The book is useful for researchers, administrators, NGOs, private sectors and policy makers related with health care issues.