Over the last few decades, the practice of human trafficking has enormously increased. In fact, human trafficking has gone beyond all boundaries and is clearly an important public health concern. To match the pace and cover the important health related aspects of human trafficking, this entire book has been written to cover the significant domains of human trafficking. An attempt has been made to systematically review the existing and updated literature available on human trafficking – potential determinants, consequences, and public health measures to counter the same. I hope this book will be a great source of information to program managers, public health professionals, and medical students to update their knowledge pertaining to human trafficking.