Heavy metal contamination of wastewaters is a growing concern now a days. Conventional biological treatment of industrial discharges cannot be a success unless these metals of concern are removed prior to secondary treatment. Hence there is a dire need to devise a treatment which not only is efficient but also cost effective. Biosorption proved to be a promising alternative among many treatment technologies for removing heavy metals from wastewater. Agricultural residues being waste of farms and agricultural land can be potential adsorbents for removing these metals of concern. This book aimed the investigation of copper and lead removal using agricultural residues like rice husk and wheat straw.