The problem of fertility control is a matter of great interest in developing countries to control the rapidly increasing population. In contrast to females, there are limited approaches to control male fertility. However, in recent years, regulation of male fertility by using plant extracts has attracted much interest of researchers because an antifertility agent of plant origin is cost effective and has low toxicity. The present book reviews various approaches that have been worked out to control male fertility, and their drawbacks. Further, it reports the effects of chronic administration of 50% ethanolic leaf extract of F. bengalensis on spermatogenesis and fertility in albino mouse. This book might be helpful to students and researchers to enrich their knowledge about contraceptive plants.