Hypertension is an important worldwide public-health challenge with a huge global burden because of its high prevalence and concomitant risks of cardiovascular and kidney disease. Hypertension has been identified as the leading risk factor for mortality, and is ranked third as a cause of disability-adjusted life-years. However, till date, hypertension and its related complications remain the most common cardiovascular disease which has been associated with reports of therapeutic failures, particularly, over the last two decades. Prevention, early detection and intervention are keys to its effective control and management. This book provides an overview into the epidemiology, aetiopathophysiology (including, molecular basis), types and classification, as well as the regulatory mechanisms of hypertension. In addition, the book examines the complications, diagnostic and monitoring criteria, and conventional recommendations for hypertension management while providing an in-depth insight into the conventional and alternative/complementary (particularly herbal) remedies in hypertension management.