Hesiod and the Hebrews is an ambitious contribution to contemporary debate about the environment. It steps back into ancient history and analyzes basic views of nature and core concepts in the early Western relationship with the environment. The main hypothesis that the author advances is that there are similarities between early Greek culture and early Hebrew culture. Furthermore, the author argues that this characterization applies to the views of nature of these two cultures, and uses as evidence two representative texts: Hesiod''s Works and Days and the Book of Proverbs in the Old Testament. Hesiod and the Hebrews is a prescient work of ecocriticism that will find an audience with all those interested in environmental issues.