This book presents the main provisions of Inverse Analysis. The research method shows an adequate picture of relations in hierarchical systems. The hierarchic structure is the most universal order of the systems’ organization. Inversion is change of a vector of relations between two subordinate elements of the system to opposite, with the preservation of the hierarchic arrangement of these elements in the system.Inverse analysis is a modern branch of general systems theory. The regularities revealed in the course of Inversive Analysis, play a special role in the analysis of systems, as well as in all scientific disciplines studying this system: in anthropology, psychology, physiology, management theory, social and historical sciences, etc. The book is intended for specialists in the organization of scientific research, as well as for graduate students, doctoral students and anyone interested in research in systems theory and systematic research in the natural sciences and the humanities.