This research departed from the hypothesis that inadequacies in terms of finances, human resources and infrastructure are what impedes the smooth implementation of the decentralisation process in Rwanda. This study attempts to identify how the process of decentralisation in Nyarugenge District took place and what kind of an impact different resources and infrastructure had on the process of decentralisation. Overall, decentralisation is seen in Rwanda as a vehicle for the promotion of a culture of good governance in the country. The hope for the development of Rwanda lies in the will and power of its people. The decentralisation policy is intended to give the power to the people and to enable them to execute their will for self-development. Decentralisation will help create institutions that are not only democratic, accountable and transparent, but also efficient and effective in service provision and community development. The study reveals that Rwanda has suffered impediments to its decentralisation process. Recommendations include ways of improving the financial, human resources and infrastructure aspects. .