There is a common stand among scholars that Ethiopia is the cradle of Human evolution. The country had been and still is the home of tremendous civilizations that impacted not only in African continent but also the world at large. Ethiopia, one of the largest states of Africa, lies near the equator that provided her with thirteen months of sunshine. It possesses one of the highest populations in Africa ranking second to Nigeria. Owing to its enormous size and diverse character, it is divided into nine regions and two city administrations. This module strives to discuss the major historical developments that took place in Ethiopia until 1500 A.D.