Food insecurity results from reduced agricultural production and reduced purchasing power due to financial impoverishment. These two are characteristics of communities with high HIV/AIDS prevalence, especially among the active age-group of 15-49 years. Food insecurity is therefore likely to occur in households affected directly as a result. This book gives a detailed report of a research done to establish the effects of HIV/AIDS in an agricultural community in Kenya. 32.1% of the respondent households were found to be directly affected by HIV/AIDS. This meant they were nursing a person living with HIV/AIDS, had lost a family member to HIV/AIDS, or were fostering a AIDS orphans. A comparison of food security in the affected and non-affected households was done and the ways in which food insecurity had set in to the affected households analyzed in details.The recommendations given in this book provides information that is useful to policy makers on sustainable solution to food insecurity in agricultural communities with high prevalence of HIV/AIDS. NGOs and donor community will also find it useful.