HIV and AIDS is a global epidemic but most of the infected population living with HIV is concentrated in developing regions such as Sub Sahara Africa. HIV/AIDS is impacting developing and the under developed countries such as Swaziland in much severe ways when compared to the developed countries. Especially in such countries, the most affected are women and children due to social and economic inequalities. HIV/AIDS has to be understood beyond as a disease because the factors that support the advent of HIV are significantly related to economic poverty, lack of education and malnutrition. It is believed that in the next twenty five years; AIDS will become one the leading causes of death in human beings. The current issue is not whether we will find cure for AIDS; but how we can extend the lives of people who are affected and prevent others from contracting this deadly Virus.