Human resources play an important role in development and growth of any organisation. Among all the factors of production only human resources are living beings and have unlimited capacity and potential.Competitiveness will be decided on a country''s or an enterprise''s capacity to add value to global economic products, services and processes. A key contributorin this regard is the knowledge and skills of the workforce. Thus compared to the past, enterprises will need to update much more regularly the skills mix of their employees to respond to the opportunities or threats created by globalisation and rapid technological change. In this connection this book will be used as a guide to the HRD executives of the mining industry and other industries to understand the existing practices of the industry, the challenges to the mining industry. the policy makers in Indian mining industrycan make a fruitful decisions for the improvement of their respective organizations. The book can be useful for the Human Resources anagement students in understanding the difference between the theory and practice of HRD strategies and other tools of Human Resources Management.