This book mainly focuses on how flexible, adaptable and strategic human resource functions will be vital in enabling organizations to tackle emerging challenges head-on. This would eventually lead to an increase in the capacity and capability of HR professionals to effectively support and contribute to the performance and development of the institutions/ organizations. The study reveals basis for recommending the most effective HR practices specifically increasing improvement in operating systems; improved information flows between levels of the systems; reviewing the functional hierarchy of organizations; their Human Resource Management Systems, analyzing HR objectives and diverse functions of HR Departments. Job responsibilities shouldered by HR team in HR activities are supported in the form of Annex. Suggestions and recommendations for further improvements of HR initiatives have also been elaborated at length.