Increasing encroachment of wildlife habitat by human beings has caused human-wildlife conflict through out the world. This conflict tends to intensify in the future because population growth and dependent on natural resources for livelihood is on the increase, particularly in developing countries. It is an urgent issue to find a solution for the conflict. A friendly environment should be created to harmonize the conflict. This book assessed the causes of the conflict and provides recommendations to alleviate the problem in specific area, Zegie peninsula. Although the assessment and recommendations are in this specific area it can be a lesson for any part of the world. There need a cooperation between developed and developing countries to manage the problem as the problem of one is the problem of the other.