The basic task in the design and development of I. C. Engines is to reduce the cost of production and improve the efficiency and power output. In order to achieve the above task, the engineer has to compare the engine developed by him with other engines in terms of its output and efficiency. Hence he has to test the engine and make measurements of relevant parameters that reflect the performance of the engine. In general the nature and number of tests to be carried out depend on a large number of factors. In this book only laboratory testing of I.C. Engines and the interpretation of performance results are described.