The existential and historical reading of icons is presented in the book: Icons: Text and Context. The main subject of my study was the medieval icons. The main task was to understand this historical phenomenon from our perspective; it means to observe them in the evolution of mind like “the internal fresh stream”. In the simple way this work gives opportunity to read icons as the text which has the accepted theological, aesthetical and historical level. An important part of this research was the idea to create historical context for the process of reading icons like a text. For the realization of this aim was used several aspects: searching of the phenomenology of icons; specification of the icons language; analyzing the roles of the creators, authors and writers of icons.