The development of any country is often measured by its citizens’ level of education. Most western countries are developed because they have provided education for all their citizens. Developing countries, on the other hand, have lagged behind, and many of them find it increasingly difficult to educate all their citizens because of inadequate financial and human resources. Morocco is among the countries where the number of illiterates is high despite all the efforts made by the government and by nongovernmental organizations (NGO) to eradicate illiteracy and provide education for all. This book explores this social phenomenon, with specific reference to Moroccan women in Meknès. It is a contribution to the research on illiteracy among women and adult literacy programs in Morocco, with a focus on the women of Meknès. This book addresses the literacy issue from three angles: the characteristics, motivations, and outcomes of literacy such as the transfer of skills from the learning environment to the wider space of daily life in order to empower women.