India’s large public health care is unique in itself. Primary health care is provided through a network of sub-centers, primary health care centers, community health centers and district hospitals. Inspite of vast infrastructure Government is able to cater only 20% of the population, while 80% of healthcare needs are still being provided by the private sector.The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) has been launched on 12th April 2005 by the Government of India. NRHM decentralize financial resources to local governments and uses a social audit framework to monitor its implementation. This is a true architectural change to realize health for all with equity and justice. There is great need for community health care of people living in economically challenged circumstances. The improvement of NRHM is needed in states like Odisha where near about half of people live bellow official poverty line. This book provides scope and opportunity for program implementation, evaluation, monitoring and research especially for health care administrator, public policy maker, health psychologists & sociologists and researchers.