Resettlement for development induced displacement of the people is a new phenomenon in Bangladesh. Due to implementation of Bangabandhu Bridge about 105000 people were affected and a massive rehabilitation and resettlement program was taken for them. The vital characteristic of the program was the participation of the people and real socio-economic resettlement and rehabilitation. Under the situation the study tries to ascertain socio-economic condition of the affected people prior to the construction of the Bangabandhu bridge, to analyse the type, nature and extent of the losses occurred due to the construction of the bridge, to examine the nature and scope of the rehabilitation and resettlement program taken for the affected people and to find out the socio-economic impact of the construction of the bridge on north-western part of Bangladesh. The content of the study may be treated helpful for the development planners. It can also be useful for the readers, researchers and students related to development sector.