Climate change has been one of the most serious threats for sustainable development. Its impact is of great concern to humanity. Despite the considerable efforts of scientists, academicians and the policy planners to deal with the impacts of climate change, people of the developing countries are in dearth of information in regard to the impacts of climate change on people's livelihoods. Nepal, one of the least developed countries have been struggling much to cope with the impacts of climate change due to its fragile mountain ecosystem and the livelihood dependency of its inhabitants in these ecosystems. This effort of the author has attempted to explore the ground reality of the people and their understandings on impacts of climate change on rural livelihoods. Further, the author has tried to document the adaptation options applied by the locals to cope with those impacts. This book will be of interest to policy makers, community development practitioners, forest managers, researchers and students dealing with the climate change issues.