This book specifically appraises Uganda’s national legislation concerning freedom of religion in the context of the general implementation of international human rights law. It proposes a paradigm of effective coexistence as opposed to strict separation between religion and the State. More generally, this book is in response to the dearth of up to date literature in this field in many similarly situated African countries, as well as the need to take legislative measures at the national level to ensure the enforcement of international human rights norms respecting religion. Using comparative, descriptive and narrative methodology, this book draws on legislation, jurisprudence and the best practices in Africa, the European Union, the United States, South America, Australia, and the United Nations, among others. Legal practitioners, Courts, religious actors, policy makers, legislators, scholars, students, other countries interested in legislating specifically on freedom of religion, and international actors will find in this book a comprehensive compendium of the intersection of law and religion in a typical and developing African country.