Nepal have 9 wetlands of which Koshi Toppu Wildlife Reserve covers about 50.79% of areas that of total land covers by wetlands in Nepal. It covers the area of 175 sq kilometers. This was gazette as a protected area in 1976 under the National Park and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1973. Established with an aim of preserving the last remaining population of wild buffalo and maintaining the pristine natural environment of the area. The people who live there and depend on wetlands for their livelihoods, resulted in pressure on wetland resources in and around the reserve, so to alleviate these by providing sustainable alternatives that support local livelihoods to improve the socio-economic status of the people of Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and simultaneously promote wise use of natural resources in buffer zone Conservation and Sustainable Use of Wetlands in Nepal (CSUWN) has been established. This book provides data on various Income Generating Activities provided to Wetlands Dependent Communities for the sustainable management of Natural Resources viz., Wetlands in Nepal. This book should be helpful especially to professionals who work in the field of Natural Resource Management.