Income inequalities and subjective well-being are important measures of socio-economic cohesion around the globe. Although a considerable share of resources in emerging economies stems from their rural areas, limited data availability precludes important insights into the overall socio-economic tissue of the developing world. This monograph seeks to advance our knowledge on various dimensions of inequalities and well-being with particular emphasis on rural Pakistan, using unique survey data. Our analysis offers several policy recommendations on various important socio-economic factors. Indeed, some of the results of this study might also illuminate the policy debate in other geographic areas with similar profiles.