India is a land of diversity with a jigsaw puzzle of people belonging to various faiths and they all live together to create a culturally unique society. India’s economy is growing at 9%, the fastest after China and it ranks 12th among the largest global economies—third largest in Asia after China and Japan. While the enduring economic recession is dragging many nations, India’s economy is projected to grow. Due to aggressive developmental activities, India faces enormous environmental problems that range from polluting industries to nuclear power plants, and from toxic waste dumping in rivers to shrinking groundwater. But the question is can India tackle the enduring environmental nightmare? The answer is ‘yes’. India is a big country indeed but the problems can be solved by setting up timely priorities. In this monograph of essays, the author, who is an environmental scientist, has outlined all about India’s environmental problems including workable scientific eco-solutions to solve the crisis before it is late.