This treatise-the first comprehensive manual on the subject serves as a handy reference guide, offering very useful information on 439 species of Indian bio-fences from disparate sources. As many as 6 histograms, 3 tables and 8 useful appendices enhance the value of the compilation significantly. It is our fervent hope that this manual will be of great practical utility to students, researchers, teachers and scientists in traditional and agricultural universities, forestry, economic botany, ethnobotany, landscape ecology, plant genetic research institutions, policy planners, etc. Written in an easy-to- understand style, it will also be useful to interested laymen. No institutional library should be without it. Audience: Students and Scholars of Ethnobotany, Economic Botany, Pharmacists, Medical Practitioners, Chemists, Biotechnologists, Plant Genetic Research Institutions, Policy Planners etc.