The performance of R&D is a vital factor for many companies. However, performance measures especially leading indicators can be hard to find and interpret. R&D as all the other functional areas of a company, is part of the organisation as a whole and part of the business processes within. For this reason long lasting high level R&D performance is the result of sound leadership principles implemented by the top management, and well defined smoothly managed interfaces between the organizational units. Understanding the firm as a whole, and gaining ability to take a perspective from all areas is a crucial point in developing creative, coherent teams and efficient work environment. This monoghraph is a vaulable source through its concepts, ideas and collection of high quality references for MBA students and practicing managers at all fields.