Like other developing countries, in South and South-East Asia, infant and child mortality has been given paramount importance by both academicians and policy makers. This is because this mortality is comparatively high here. This book illustrates infant and child mortality and factors affecting it in the context of different programmes and policies implemented by various conutries of the region. Also the book compares intra-country and inter-country comparisons of infant and child mortality levels. The book extensively discusses various child health programmes and their effects on infant and child mortality from 1970 to 2006. In addition to that the book also discusses various aspects of demographic, socio-economic and cultural practices that significantly affect infant and child mortality in this region. The book is of immense use in studies related to demography and public health.