Cardiovascular disease is today the largest single contributor to global mortality. A major challenge in human health over the next 50 years is to reduce the impact of chronic diseases. The health benefits of a diet rich in fruits, vegetables and legumes have been well recognized. Poor compliance to dietary recommendations, unhealthy lifestyle and mismanagement of cardiovascular emergencies reflect the dearth of awareness among the community. This book provides data on the nutritional, cardiovascular and biochemical profile of adults living with cardiovascular disease in the ‘Temple Town’ of Tamil Nadu, Madurai with lucid and interesting illustrations. An attempt has been made to associate these factors along with their critical energy balance with cardiovascular disease. Specific focus has also been on the occurrence of various metabolic syndrome components and cardiovascular disease. This book can adorn the bookshelf of academicians, researchers, nutritionists and scholars interested in clinical nutrition.