Keeping in view the scarcity of human resource management (HRM) literature about Pakistan, this book is useful for researchers, international investors and others interested in knowing management practices in Pakistan. It reviews the literature on integration and devolvement in various parts of the world. It also reports the findings of an empirical survey in fifty-two higher education institutes (HEIs) of Pakistan.The results of the study show that the HEIs are practicing a low level of integration and devolvement. The level of devolved decision-making and the direction of change in theses decision is different for various HR activities. The departmental heads do not have similar training level in various areas of HRM. Public and private sector HEIs are similar in most of their HRM patterns and organizational characteristics. Presence of HR department is the main predictor of integration and devolvement. There is resistance to HRM convergence in Pakistan and the high power distance culture is shaping many policies and practices. The divergent trends prevailing in higher education sector are expected to stay until formal HR departments become integral to all HEIs.