The ultimate aim of the study is to make a contribution to include HIV and AIDS content into the different programmes at tertiary institutions. A secondary aim is to contribute to the development of an institutional framework for a sustainable commitment to prevent and control the spread of HIV and AIDS. With this study it is hoped to start addressing the impact of HIV and AIDS on students at tertiary institutions. It is essential to develop curricula that prepare students for a new reality, which threaten their future. This study shows that there is a need to raise students'' awareness of HIV and AIDS through mainstream curricula. Chapter 1 deals with the development of my personal interest and motivation for the investigation of this particular problem, and my professional growth during the study. In order to conceptualise the problem and related factors, Chapter 2 focuses on a literature review, which examines the research and findings of others working in the field. To integrate HIV and AIDS into the curricula, it is necessary to introduce changes and to gain insight into cultural patterns, which influence human behaviour with regard to sexuality..