The Inter-American system of human rights is a configuration which contains human rights norms and supervisory institutions, like the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, for their compliance as per the established rules. The Court and the Commission has made significant advances in the protection of human rights in the region. Many of these advances are directly attributable to the evolution of the practice and procedures of the Court and the Commission. The new autonomy granted to the victim before the Court and the expedited procedures of both organs bring justice within the reach of individuals. Through its liberalized procedures the Court has also paved the way for non-governmental organizations that often espouse the position of the human rights community, to express their views before the Court. The present work is a modest attempt to highlight the achievements and challenges before the Court and the Commission.