Internationalisation in higher education institutions in the United Kingdom (UK) has increased in prominence in recent years. However the extent to which the development is explored in terms of the relationship between institutional policy and international regulatory institutions is rather limited in the literature. This book explores globalisation as a conceptual backdrop of the development and uses empirical data from a national survey and some case studies to examine the General Agreement on Trade in Services GATS as case in point. It presents the argument that the GATS framework for the regulation of international trade in educational services is relevant but has little direct impact on the policies and practice of UK HEIs. This is highlighted in both the level of awareness by key institutional policy drivers and coherence in structures.