While the emerging economics of China calls attention of all practitioners and scholars, the specific phenomenon of Spanish firms in China is much less studied. The book devotes several years of research on this context to explore from the angle of strategic human resource management. Practically it describes many interesting facts about Spanish managing business in China; theoretically it contributes to a dynamic adaptive logic of strategic human resource management. The book is composed by two parts: Research aims and theoretical framework, and Empirical research, methods and results. Part I contains 3 chapters including Context for research: Spanish firms in China, Literature review: strategic human resources, and Theoretical framework and research questions. Part II includes 3 chapters: Research methods and procedures, Results and discussions, and Implications, limitations and future research.