The book introduces the concept of Pine based Silvi-medicinal system describing the situation as it exists today is that the Chir pine forests remain full of needle cover with meager or no understorey vegetation and the forest floor are a means of fire hazard. The project endeavoured to use the underutilized or unutilized land of Chir pine by introducing native medicinal and aromatic herbs using the concept of minimum tillage and appropriate topographical aspect to improve the productivity of these forests. The outcome of the research has the potential to utilize the understorey of Chir pine forests by generating source of income for the poor forest dwellers besides the intangible benefits like soil, water and biodiversity conservation of the area. If this experiment could be carried out so successfully under such a tough terrain like a Chir pine forest then it holds promise to be replicated in the other forest lands as successful model of agroforestry. This book may be useful to professionals in forestry, agriculture, agroforestry, horticulture, ecology and environmental sciences or anyone else interested in cultivation and conservation of medicinal plant resources in the wild.