When flicking through travel magazines on the North American east coast, one is likely to come across Massachusetts. Massachusetts is one of six New England states, and with respect to its history and its tourist attractions, this state is probably the most versatile and most interesting of them. Boston is the state’s capital and the largest city in the region. In addition, it is the only city north of New York that can assert itself next to that famed metropolis without competing with it. Rather Boston takes pride in a field that no other North American city can challenge: history and tradition. This book tries to explore questions such as: How did the association between nationalities and districts in Boston happen? Why is Boston often associated with the nickname “Irish Boston”? What were the reasons that led to the associations between the Irish and South Boston, and the Italians and the North End? What marks did the immigrants from Ireland and Italy leave on Boston? It will furthermore examine the political, economic, and social influence of Irish and Italian immigration on Boston.