This book aims to see the vision of the Muslim intellectuals for the cause of the Muslim society, when this vision is observed from the West’s point of view positively or negatively both. Thus, this book has made its scope to study the ideas of Fazlur Rahman, Syed Hussein Nasr and Naqib al Attas. This book also examines the relationship between past and contemporary Islamic and Western civilizations based upon the mutual attainment of the knowledge and misunderstanding of their social concepts and ideas. The book concludes with an observation, which sees a lack of an appropriate appraisal of the modern Muslim intellectuals and revivalists and finds that there are few lacks in the approach of the scholars. It finds that there are many issues, which most of the revivalists and intellectuals did not address and thus their honest efforts to revive the Muslim ummah became futile.