Islamic finance is currently undergoing a rapid phase of development. One of the components of the Islamic finance that undergo the development is Islamic venture capital (VC-i). VC-i plays its role as a source of financing for investment and project purposes. This paper intends to investigate thoroughly the development and application of the VC-i as this market started to emerge although it was newly introduced. Various instruments of VC-i have introduced and applied in many projects especially long term basis project. Hence, the mechanism of those instruments needs to be analyzed critically to get a clear picture in terms of its application. In addition, this study tries to figure out the main challenges faced by VC-i especially in terms of the Shariah compliance which require further re-examination by the Muslim scholars as well the regulators. At the end of this paper, the suggestion and recommendation will be provided in order to make this facility to be more competitive and at the same time it fulfills the Shariah requirements.