What part does tradition and traditional values play in the lives of indigenous peoples in today''s society? This book contains case studies from two Mohawk communities in present-day United States and Canada; with focus on a language immersion school at the Akwesanse reservation and an off-reservation settlement in the Mohawk Valley. Both function as arenas for the preservation and development of language and culture for future generations. Based on these studies and their political and historical contexts, this book connects the traditionalist way of life as a part of long-term strategies for cultural preservation, to concepts of ‘healing'' and ‘decolonization''. This book should be useful to anyone with an interest in contemporary indigenous issues, as well as students of Anthropology and other social sciences.