Biodiesel has attracted considerable attention during the past decade as a renewable, biodegradable and non-toxic fuel alternative to fossil fuels. It have assumed significant importance globally as the world addresses changing patterns in energy supply and demand. Jatropha curcas Linn. is multipurpose, highly promoted crop which contains high amount of oil in its seeds which can be converted to biodiesel. It has the great potential, if well exploited; Jatropha production can provide opportunities for good returns and rural development. The book therefore provides most recent data and analysis on the cultivation, yield, productivity, biochemistry, processing, uses, projects and its impact on people. Different uses of Jatropha plant are also mentioned as medicine, soap making, pesticide etc. It will also contribute to strengthen policies and strategies about Jatropha. This book is useful for researchers, farmers, teachers, students, professionals in agriculture, government and institutional policy and decision makers, NGOs etc.