The protection of environment presents a most fundamental challenge to the nation’s desire to industrialize faster and to be capable of fulfilling certain basic needs of the growing population. During development process a huge damage has been caused to the environment because it has resulted into the pollution like deforestation, air and water pollution, etc. Indian government has passed many legislations foe environmental protection e.g. Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, etc. But the fact is that no law or authority can succeed in removing the pollution until the people cooperate. The role of judiciary in controlling the pollution and conservation can be duly acknowledged. This book defines about the meaning, sources and effect of environmental pollution, national policy and its implementation on environmental law, national policy and its implementation on environmental law, constitutional provisions, fundamental rights and environmental pollution, judicial adjudication on environmental pollution. This book will be useful for environmentalists, lawyers, policy makers, students etc.