The aim of this project is first to understand the meaning, nature, justifiability and enforceability of Second Generation Human Rights i.e. Economic, Social & Cultural (ESC) rights in post-cold war era of cut backs, social and economic retrenchment, de-industrialization and global restructuring. In this era, Human rights and in particular, the state responsibility to implement ESC Rights has thus become critically important both as counter dialogical tools and effective claims on society. The proscriptive, descriptive and prescriptive aspect of economic and social rights stipulated in different international instruments and the institutional and supervisory framework set up under those instruments are discussed here in details. The project also analyzes various aspects of ESC rights such as the international instruments dealing with ESC rights; the problems and pitfalls associated with the implementation of ESC rights; the promotional aspect of ESC rights or how the ESC rights can be promoted and finally relations between ESC rights and Millennium Development Goals.