Kingdom of Bahrain (meaning ?two seas?), located on an archipelago of Bahrain in the Persian Gulf is the smallest state by area in the region. It is connected to the neighboring Saudi Arabia, with one of the longest bridges in the world, 25 kilometer long King Fahd Causeway. Though its ruling Al Khalifa family profess Sunni Islam, the majority of the country is Shia, a situation which occasionally leads to tensions and protests. Considered as one of the possible locations of the fabled Garden of Eden, it is also the home port of the United States Fifth Fleet. Learn more about the Kingdom of Bahrain, its history, political system, economy, population, culture, religion and its place in the political life of the Persian Gulf in this book.