Due to globalisation markets are getting more dynamic. For facing these markets companies have to use their available resources effectively. Besides the classical production factors like work, capital and ground, the factor knowledge is getting more and more important. Beyond that companies utilise customer projects to cope with the increasing dynamic markets. By means of tailored temporary organisations the needs of customers can best be responded to. In this book the methods and modules of knowledge management are applied to the project management process. Enlargements in the process concerning the conscious identification and the target oriented generation of knowledge were defined. These adaptations caused a change in the role definitions of the project manager and the project employees. However, knowledge management cannot only be seen as a part of projects, but as a companywide management approach. By the integration of knowledge management in a project oriented organisation, the target oriented assignment of resources and knowledge can be ensured, which is a major factor for the survival of a company in the global, dynamic markets.