The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between these contextual factors – management, technology and culture – and the knowledge activities. The study took place in Malaysian secondary schools and highlighted the Smart School Project as one of the seven flagships of Malaysia Multimedia Super Corridor. The findings suggest that although there is no explicit knowledge management system used in managing knowledge in the educational sector, there are a number of elements and positive practices of knowledge management already in place that could help schools to develop and encourage activities. As for the contextual factors,technology was an important instrument in all of theknowledge activities, but it was certainly not the most prominent one. The culture factor played a more significant role in all knowledge activities particularly when knowledge sharing was considered as a social and spiritual obligation in the communities of practice. Despite this, there were also barriers in the uptake of knowledge management initiatives in schools.