The need for government organizations to become competitive is growing with the huge instability in the economy. In parallel, Knowledge Management (KM) has been rapidly growing in the past decade as a source of influence on organisational development practices. Furthermore, the past decade research approaches largely failed to show the importance of KM initiatives in creating synergy with other initiatives to an extent that would lead towards organizational competitiveness. This book address how KM holistically influences the different organisational development practices, specifically in the context of the government sector. To ascertain the relationships between KM and four prevalent organisational development practices namely Organisational Excellence, Learning, Innovation and Organisational Competitiveness; a quantitative survey approach was undertaken using a series of researcher-developed scales. The framework was designed to test the concept of the holistic influence of KM. The results clearly shown that knowledge if well management can lead to government organisations competitiveness directly or indirectly, which is very essential in Knowledge Economy.